SECRETS Of Ancient Babylon!! From their humble beginnings to the true worth of their empire…stay tuned to number 1 to find out the history of Babylon!
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Number 10: The Amorites and Babylon.
While it's always important to note the empire itself, it's also important to note how the empire came to be in the first place. And for the Ancient Babylonian Empire, its roots start in another empire, Mesopotamia.
Mesopotamia is considered one of the "origin points" of the world, so it shouldn't be too much of a surprise that a lot of the future of the world came from the area. From 2900-2000 BC, the nation had two different factions under it. And then, it unified. Later on, they would become a Sumerian Empire of sorts, and lasted for about a century.
Then, around 2000 BC, the group known as the Amorites came to be, and with that came a migration towards the southern parts of Mesopotamia. They adopted various cultures into their own, and actually went and got more city-states to join them through various means. The Amorites became so powerful that they eventually took down the Neo-Sumerian Empire.
After the victory, they freed a part of land owned by the Sumerians, and in that land was Babylon. Through this, the first Babylonian Dynasty was established, even if it wasn't exactly called this at the time of its birth.
Number 9: Hammurabi Brought Fame to The Dynasty.
Alright, so now the Dynasty of Babylonia has been established, but what did they do with it? Well, that is the question, isn't it? The land had many rulers for some time, but what these Amorite rulers did is a bit of a mystery. History doesn't tell much about them believe it or not. Of the first five leaders, only some of them are credited with various things like gaining victory in battle and things like that. One was instrumental, though, in making Babylon a bit stronger in regards to its defenses, but that's about it.
It was the sixth ruler of the nation that would help propel things forward in a big way, and his name, was Hammurabi.
Hammurabi was the one who took Babylon from a simple city to a grand spectacle of one. He then used his resources to expand the empire in every single direction. By the time he was done, the empire had grown greatly, and much of Mesopotamia and nearby regions were under his control.
But more than that, Hammurabi was a very good leader. He believed in laws and things that would benefit everyone while also helping the government. Such as taxation and being a Bureaucracy. He was the first to establish a complete set of laws for his nation, which he used to rule very efficiently.
Most empires like this don't have the best of leaders, but the ancient Babylonian Empire was definitely an exception.
Number 8: The Hanging Gardens Of Babylon.
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There's no doubt you've heard of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon at one point in time or another. After all, it's been called one of the 7 Ancient Wonders Of The World, and was said to be a place of incredible beauty. But despite that, it's never been found...ever.
So how come it's such a noted piece of history? Well, this all started with a document written by Berossus of Babylon. Who noted that, in the time of 600 B.C., King Nebuchadnezzar II had the Hanging Gardens built in honor of his wife, Amytis.
To be clear, the gardens didn't "hang" in the air or anything like that, it was more of a draping effect. But still, it was said to be rather beautiful.
And yet, we don't know where they are or, even, where exactly they were. It's a true mystery of history. Furthermore, outside of Berossus, the only other documented mention of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon was by a Greek historian named Diodorus Siculus. There's no other mention of it, anywhere. So if we are to take all of these records as truth, where in the heck did those Hanging Gardens go?
Well, some people believe that an earthquake destroyed the gardens sometime in the second century, when a documented case of one was said to have happened. Another possibility is that the sands of the area eventually consumed the gardens, which has also been documented to have happened many times within history.
Many, MANY people have tried to find the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, if for no other reason than to bear witness to their historical importance. But will they ever be found? That's something no one can answer just yet.
Number 7: Ishtar Gate.
On the flipside, an archaeological wonder of the world that has indeed been discovered belonging to the Babylonian Empire is that of the Ishtar Gate. This particular gate was the entrance into the city of Babylon.